Read about how pancreatic cancer is staged.
Download the whole pancreatic cancer booklet
Understanding Pancreatic Cancer booklet 2022
Our new booklet 'Understanding pancreatic cancer' is available now.
Download Section Three of our pancreatic cancer booklet: Staging pancreatic cancer
- Staging describes:
- the size of the cancer
- if there is cancer in your lymph nodes
- if the cancer has spread to other parts of your body.
- Pancreatic cancer is given a number from state 1 to stage 4. The lower the number, the less the cancer has spread.
- Whakamārama ai te whakawāhanga:
- i te rahi o te matepukupuku
- mehemea he puku kei roto i ngā tīpona waitinana
- mehemea kua hōrapa ki wāhi kē o te tinana
- Hoaturia ai he tau mai i te 1 ki te 4 ki te matepukupuku repetaiaki huka. Mehemea he iti ake te tau, kua iti ake te hōrapa o te matepukupuku.
Staging pancreatic cancer
- the size of the cancer (T)
- if there is cancer in your lymph nodes (N)
- if the cancer has spread to other parts of your body (M)
Your treatment team will use this TNM information to give the cancer stage a number from 1 to 4. In general, the lower the number, the less the cancer has spread. A higher number, such as stage 4, means a more serious cancer.
Stages of pancreatic cancer
- Stage 1
The cancer is small and only in the pancreas.
[early pancreatic cancer]
- Stage 2
The cancer can be different sizes. It may have spread to nearby lymph nodes. [early/locally advanced pancreatic cancer]
- Stage 3
The cancer can be any size and has usually spread to lymph nodes. It may also be growing into major blood vessels nearby.
[locally advanced pancreatic cancer]
- Stage 4
The cancer can be any size and has spread to other parts of the body, such as the liver and lungs.
[advanced pancreatic cancer]
Last updated: March 23, 2023